We study physics to solve problems in physics, chemistry to solve problems in chemistry, and botany to solve problems in botany. There are no statistical problems that we solve using statistics. We use statistics to provide a course of action with minimum risk in all areas of human endeavor under available evidence. --- C.R. Rao
Santhi Swarup Bhatnagar Award, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India, for “notable and outstanding research in statistics” from Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - 1963
Padma Vibhushan, second highest civilian award, from the Government of India for “outstanding contributions to Science and Engineering/Statistics”- 2001
President George W. Bush, on 12 June 2002, honoured him with the National Medal of Science, the highest award in US in the scientific field, as a "prophet of new age" with the citation, "for his pioneering contributions to the foundations of statistical theory and multivariate statistical methodology and their applications, enriching the physical, biological, mathematical, economic and engineering sciences."
India Science Award, “for major contributions of a path-breaking nature based on work done in India” from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh - 2009
Mahalanobis Prize, awarded by International Statistical Institute at the 54th Session held in Berlin for “lifetime achievement” - 2003
Guy Medal in Gold of the Royal Statistical Society, UK "for those who are judged to have merited a significant mark of distinction by reason of their innovative contribution to theory or application of statistics" from the president of the Royal Statistical Society - 2011
He was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the National Institution for Quality and Reliability, Chennai Branch, for his contributions to industrial statistics and for the promotion of quality control programs in Indian industries.
International conferences were held in USA, India, Canada and Switzerland and special issues of the prestigious journals like Statistical Planning and Inference, Linear Algebra and its Applications, Sankhya and several festschrift volumes were published in his honor.
He has been the president of all prestigious statistical associations, the International Statistical Institute, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, USA and the International Biometric Society.
Prof.Rao received numerous prestigious awards in India, USA, and UK